by RONALD REYNOLDS article A little over two millennia ago, Egypt’s mathematicians were learning about mathematics and science.
In the late 19th century, Egyptian mathematician and physicist Ibn Sina (who would become the first Coptic Coptic Muslim) proposed that all human knowledge came from a series of equations.
But it was the 17th century Egyptian mathematician Ibn al-Haytham (whose ideas would be put into practice by al-Mansur, the most famous mathematician of all time) who proposed that there were no equations at all, only “principle principles” that could be explained using mathematics.
That is, if one were to use an ordinary, everyday object to measure, say, distance or height, one could use mathematics to derive the “principles” for that object.
Al-Haytam was the founder of a new kind of mathematics, called “Arabic mathematics” and he was the first Muslim to be awarded a university degree in mathematics.
Al-Haytis famous work, Al-Azhar, is credited with helping to launch the modern science of mathematics in the 20th century.
So what exactly is Arabic mathematics?
Arabic mathematical terms, often shortened to al-azhar, can be translated as “the principles” or “prINciples.”
Al-Makkala, an Arabic-language Arabic dictionary, defines al-Azhhar as “an essential part of all Arabic mathematics.”
It is an important part of the way that the Quran describes the creation of the universe, the way in which the sun rises, the cycles of the seasons, and the movement of the stars.
There are four main branches of al-Qur’an, each of which is composed of a number of different branches of mathematics.
They are: 1) the sciences of science, including geometry, geometry theory, and astronomy, which are considered foundational for all other sciences.
2) the natural sciences, including astronomy, chemistry, and physics.
3) the physical sciences, which include chemistry, physics, and biology.
4) the religious sciences, or “the religion.”
Arabian mathematics is often translated into English as mathematics, but this term is not as widely used.
Arab mathematics is also sometimes referred to as “Arab mathematics,” but this is not entirely accurate.
The word “Arab” comes from the Arabic word “aqa,” which means “to speak.”
Al-‘Asim al-Masri, an al-Arabi scholar and a leading mathematician and astronomer, has argued that the word “mathematics” is derived from the Greek word “Akaia,” which is translated “solitary.”
That means that the meaning of “Arab math” is that it is not only a form of science and the mathematical sciences, but also an activity and a mode of living that has its own peculiar meaning.
It was in the late 13th century that al-Muqarnas al-Maqdisi (the father of modern algebra), a Muslim mathematician and al-Najar al-Battar (a medieval Muslim mathematician) introduced the Arabic-based notation system of algebra to Europe.
What are the roots of the Arabic mathematics we know today?
As a result of al-‘Asin’s efforts, al-Safi and al-‘Aliyyah (the founders of the al-Jihad) introduced Arabic mathematics to Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia.
They also invented Arabic-derived “prINCIDES,” which are “primes,” and they created “prINTEDES” that were “plumbers,” “masons,” and “carpenters.”
In short, al-‘Safi’s work laid the foundations for the modern mathematics that we see today.
Al-‘Asi is the founder and chief architect of the Islamic Caliphate, the Islamic state of al ‘Ubayd al-Shamili, or the Islamic Republic of Islam.
This was the Islamic State of Iraq and al Shamili is also known as “The Islamic State,” or “IS.”
This new state, which came to be known as the Islamic Emirate of Iraq in 2017, was founded on the idea that Islam should be an Islamic state that “gives power to all its citizens.”
Islamic scholars have long believed that all men are created equal.
But the concept of equality is often misunderstood, and often used to deny the existence of racial differences.
A new word, “Arabism,” was invented to refer to these racial differences in the Muslim world.
Today, we can call the idea of equality a “princely concept,” but it is a term that has been adopted by certain Muslim leaders and is often used as a way of delegitimizing people of color.
Many Muslim scholars, including Al-Sisi, have used the word